Assessment Tools for Recreational Therapy and Related Fields, 4th Edition
joan burlingame and Thomas M. Blaschko
Hardcover, 726 pages
Published by Idyll Arbor
Publication date: 2010
ISBN: 9781882883721

Since its first edition in 1990, this has become the standard reference book on assessment in Recreational Therapy.

As with the earlier editions, the purpose of this book is to provide both the therapist and the student with specific, critical information about the assessment process, specific tools, and specific standards related to assessment. The information on national assessments, such as the RAI/MDS for long-term care, is especially important to therapists. The fourth edition has 726 pages with five new assessments and updated information on all national and international standards. This book is used in over fifty colleges and nine different countries!

Introduction          1
Assessment: Road Maps and Wild Cards       1
Note about Copyrights       2
Overview of the Contents  2

Part 1     Background Information   7
Assessment Basics             9
What is an Assessment?    9
Why Give Assessments?   10
Who Gives an Assessment?              10
Timing Considerations        10
Objective versus Subjective Information         10
Types of Assessment Tools              11
Nonstandardized Assessments         11
Standardized Assessments                14
Rapid Assessment Instruments        14
Signs      15
Scales     15
Summary                16
Assessment Theory and Models      17
Theory   17
Models  19
Test Structure       27
Statistics                28
Summary                34
History of Assessment in Recreational Therapy            35
Evolution of Evaluation      35
Hospital Recreation Assessments Prior to the 1950s    38
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 1950s           39
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 1960s           44
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 1970s           46
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 1980s           48
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 1990s           50
Recreational Therapy Assessments in the 2000s           52
Protocols, Treatment Objectives, and Assessment       53
Integrating the FIM® Scale into Assessments              53
Troubling Patterns in Assessment   53
Where We Go From Here   54
Standards of Assessment  55
Regulatory Standards         56
Voluntary Standards           72
Professional Standards       73
Other Assessment Standards            75
Site-Specific Standards       82
General Guidelines for Writing Policies and Procedures               85
The Assessment Process   89
Assessments Prior to the Therapist’s Intake  90
Determining Which Clients Will Be Served by Recreational Therapy        91
Initial Screening for Services             92
Intake Assessment              92
The Interview Process        94
Initial Report and Treatment Plan      100
Clinical Opinion: The Most Frequently Used Assessment          102
Ongoing Assessment         103
Other Assessment Milestones          107
Closing Thoughts                109
Test Construction                111
Development of In-House Forms      112
Checklists              117
Observing Behaviors and Behavioral Observation        118
Developing Questionnaires               129
Translating Testing Tools into Different Languages    134
Other Testing Issues           135
Professional Competency Associated with the Assessment Process        135
Boundaries            139
When Tests are Computerized          143
Adapting Tests for Special Needs    144
Behaviors and Function that Impact Reliability of Test Scores   144
Cultural Issues with Tests  145
Trait versus State 149
Different Definitions of “Disability” 151
Documentation in Medical Charts    157
Basic Rules When Writing in a Chart               157
Documentation Related to the Initiation of Services     158
SOAP Notes         163
Establishing a Baseline for Treatment              164
Documenting Other Needs 166
Documentation Related to Ongoing Service Delivery   167
Considerations When Using Electronic Documentation              169
Politically Correct Terminology         169
Documenting on Sensitive Topics    169
Documentation on Discharge            171
Abbreviations      171
Conclusion            172
Part 2     Standardized Testing Tools              177
Signs and Scales  179
Signs      179
Scales     182
Measuring Attitudes           201
The Multiple Faces of Attitude         201
Leisure Categories: A Nonunified Approach  202
Cooperation and Trust Scale             204
Free Time Boredom              212
Idyll Arbor Leisure Battery                227
Leisure Attitude Measurement          231
Leisure Interest Measure    237
Leisure Motivation Scale    244
Leisure Satisfaction Measure            251
Second Page of the Assessments in the Idyll Arbor Leisure Battery         258
Leisure Diagnostic Battery 262
Leisurescope Plus                270
Life Satisfaction Scale         293
Measurement of Social Empowerment and Trust           297
Questions about Measuring Attitudes            303
Measuring Functional Skills              305
Standard Domains for Measurement of Function          305
Bus Utilization Skills Assessment     319
Comprehensive Evaluation in Recreational Therapy — Psych/Behavioral, Revised               326
Comprehensive Evaluation in Recreational Therapy — Physical Disabilities           337
FOX        346
Functional Assessment of Characteristics for Therapeutic Recreation, Revised     364
Functional Fitness Assessment for Adults Over 60 Years           376
Functional Hiking Technique            381
General Recreation Screening Tool (GRST)     390
Idyll Arbor Activity Assessment      399
Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility — Patient Assessment Instrument          416
Leisure and Social/Sexual Assessment            434
Measurable Assessment in Recreation for Resident-Centered Care (MARRCC)     447
Recreation Early Development Screening Tool (REDS)                460
School Social Behavior Scales, Second Edition (SSBS-2)             469
Home and Community Social Behavior Scales (HCSBS)               469
The Social Attributes Checklist — Assessing Young Children’s Social Competence            489
Therapeutic Recreation Activity Assessment                493
Other Tools that Measure Functional Skills    511
Questions about Measuring Function             515
Measuring Participation Patterns      519
Assessment of Leisure and Recreation Involvement    523
Leisure Assessment Inventory         539
Leisure Step Up    555
Recreation Participation Data Sheet 571
Vitality Through Leisure     596
Questions about Measuring Participation       615
Community Integration Program       617
Community Integration Program       618
Overview               620
Populations           620
History of the CIP                620
Purpose of the CIP               621
Administration of the CIP   622
Community Environment Modules   623
Module 1A: Environmental Safety    624
Module 1B: Emergency Preparedness              637

Part 3     Measurements of Outcomes             641
Quality Assurance and Quality Indicators      643
Introduction          643
Quality Assurance               643
Interdisciplinary Assessments          646
Quality Indicators                647
Quality Measures                649
Overview of Federal Requirements   656
QI and Assistive Technology in Schools        663
Issues around QA and QI  663
Summary                665
Leisure Competence Measure           667
Background          668
Conceptualization of the LCM           669
The Need for Standardization            670
Psychometric and Measurement Considerations           671
Sensitivity to Diagnosis     671
Measuring Client Capabilities versus Actual Performance           671
Assessment versus Outcome Measurement   672
Resident Assessment Instrument and Minimum Data Set            677
The Resident Assessment Instrument             677
Historical Background of the RAI/MDS          679
Psychometric Properties of the MDS               680
RAI User’s Guide 682
Resident Assessment Protocols (RAPs)         694
Linking Assessment to Individualized Care Plans         704
MDS 3.0 706
References            709
Index      719

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Designed by Will Blaschko